ZonMw rehabilitation program I 'Restoration of mobility'
ZonMw rehabilitation program II 'ALLRISC'
1. Umbrella project Restoration of mobility
2. Wheelchair skills
3. Cardiovascular adaptation
4. Mechanical strain of the upper extremities
5. Spasticity reduction using FES
6. Coordination of the upper extremities in tetraplegia
7. Everyday physical activity
8. Hand-arm policy in tetraplegia
9. Handbiking
10. Transmural nursing care
11. Immigrants in SCI rehabilitation
12. Determinants of physical capacity
13. Patient involvement in SCI rehabilitation
14. Respiratory adaptations
15. Classification of paramedical intervention
16. Patient monitoring
17. Upper extremity task performance in high SCI
18. Quality of life during and after SCI rehabilitation
19. Pulmonary complications and   physical inactivity
21. Universal wheelchair mobility skills test
22. WHEEL-i
23. Life satisfaction & wheelchair exercise capacity
24. Shoulder pain & range of motion 
Related projects
NVDG research group
Restoration of mobility in SCI rehabilitation:

The Umbrella Project



Olga Kilkens, MsC (Researcher)

Lucas van der Woude, PhD (Program Supervision)

Marcel Post, PhD (Project leader)

Sonja de Groot, PhD (Co-ordination)  

Annet Dallmeijer, PhD

Floris van Asbeck, MD, PhD

Anand Nene, MD, PhD

Edmond Angenot, MD



Restoration of mobility is a central focus of rehabilitation. Little systematic research has however been done. The theoretical importance of a longitudinal research approach is beyond doubt: knowledge today is solely based on empirical data and cross-sectional training studies in long-term SCI. Such a longitudinal approach will contribute to the theoretical understanding and modelling of restoration of mobility and its associations with impairments, disabilities and handicap.


The hypothesis of the prospective cohort study is that restoration of mobility can only be successfully attained through specific training and improvement of the individual physical and physiological characteristics of the cardio-respiratory and musculo-skeletal systems.

Research Questions

 Schematic view of the outcome

You can read the first results of the Umbrella project by downloading the report (in Dutch).


List of publications










Contact address

Sonja de Groot / Lucas van der Woude

Center for Human Movement Sciences

University Medical Center Groningen

University of Groningen

Antonius Deusinglaan 1

9713AV Groningen,

The Netherlands